This page lists the table of contents for MySQL Cookbook, Second Edition.

Preface

Chapter 1: Using the mysql Client Program
Introduction
Setting Up a MySQL User Account
Creating a Database and a Sample Table
Starting and Stopping mysql
Specifying Connection Parameters by Using Option Files
Protecting Option Files from Other Users
Mixing Command-Line and Option File Parameters
What to Do if mysql Cannot Be Found
Issuing SQL Statements
Canceling a Partially Entered Statement
Repeating and Editing SQL Statements
Using Auto-Completion for Database and Table Names
Telling mysql to Read Statements from a File
Telling mysql to Read Statements from Other Programs
Entering an SQL One-Liner
Using Copy and Paste as a mysql Input Source
Preventing Query Output from Scrolling off the Screen
Sending Query Output to a File or to a Program
Selecting Tabular or Tab-Delimited Query Output Format
Specifying Arbitrary Output Column Delimiters
Producing HTML or XML Output
Suppressing Column Headings in Query Output
Making Long Output Lines More Readable
Controlling mysql's Verbosity Level
Logging Interactive mysql Sessions
Creating mysql Scripts from Previously Executed Statements
Using User-Defined Variables in SQL Statements
Numbering Query Output Lines
Using mysql as a Calculator
Using mysql in Shell Scripts

Chapter 2: Writing MySQL-Based Programs
Introduction
Connecting to the MySQL Server, Selecting a Database, and Disconnecting
Checking for Errors
Writing Library Files
Issuing Statements and Retrieving Results
Handling Special Characters and NULL Values in Statements
Handling Special Characters in Identifiers
Identifying NULL Values in Result Sets
Techniques for Obtaining Connection Parameters
Conclusion and Words of Advice

Chapter 3: Selecting Data from Tables
Introduction
Specifying Which Columns to Select
Specifying Which Rows to Select
Giving Better Names to Query Result Columns
Using Column Aliases to Make Programs Easier to Write
Combining Columns to Construct Composite Values
WHERE Clauses and Column Aliases
Debugging Comparison Expressions
Removing Duplicate Rows
Working with NULL Values
Writing Comparisons Involving NULL in Programs
Sorting a Result Set
Using Views to Simplify Table Access
Selecting Data from More Than One Table
Selecting Rows from the Beginning or End of a Result Set
Selecting Rows from the Middle of a Result Set
Choosing Appropriate LIMIT Values
What to Do when LIMIT Requires the Wrong Sort Order
Calculating LIMIT Values from Expressions

Chapter 4: Table Management
Introduction
Cloning a Table
Saving a Query Result in a Table
Creating Temporary Tables
Checking or Changing a Table's Storage Engine
Generating Unique Table Names

Chapter 5: Working with Strings
Introduction
String Properties
Choosing a String Data Type
Setting the Client Connection Character Set Properly
Writing String Literals
Checking a String's Character Set or Collation
Changing a String's Character Set or Collation
Converting the Lettercase of a String
Converting the Lettercase of a Stubborn String
Controlling Case Sensitivity in String Comparisons
Pattern Matching with SQL Patterns
Pattern Matching with Regular Expressions
Controlling Case Sensitivity in Pattern Matching
Breaking Apart or Combining Strings
Searching for Substrings
Using FULLTEXT Searches
Using a FULLTEXT Search with Short Words
Requiring or Excluding FULLTEXT Search Words
Performing Phrase Searches with a FULLTEXT Index

Chapter 6: Working with Dates and Times
Introduction
Choosing a Temporal Data Type
Changing MySQL's Date Format
Setting the Client Time Zone
Determining the Current Date or Time
Using a TIMESTAMP Column to Track Row Modification Times
Extracting Parts of Dates or Times
Synthesizing Dates or Times from Component Values
Converting Between Temporal Data Types and Basic Units
Calculating the Interval Between Two Dates or Times
Adding Date or Time Values
Calculating Ages
Shifting a Date-and-Time Value to a Different Time Zone
Finding the First Day, Last Day, or Length of a Month
Calculating One Date from Another by Substring Replacement
Finding the Day of the Week for a Date
Finding Dates for any Weekday of a Given Week
Performing Leap Year Calculations
Canonizing Not-Quite-ISO Date Strings
Treating Dates or Times as Numbers
Forcing MySQL to Treat Strings as Temporal Values
Selecting Rows Based on Their Temporal Characteristics

Chapter 7: Sorting Query Results
Introduction
Using ORDER BY to Sort Query Results
Using Expressions for Sorting
Displaying One Set of Values While Sorting by Another
Controlling Case Sensitivity of String Sorts
Date-Based Sorting
Sorting by Calendar Day
Sorting by Day of Week
Sorting by Time of Day
Sorting Using Substrings of Column Values
Sorting by Fixed-Length Substrings
Sorting by Variable-Length Substrings
Sorting Hostnames in Domain Order
Sorting Dotted-Quad IP Values in Numeric Order
Floating Specific Values to the Head or Tail of the Sort Order
Sorting in User-Defined Orders
Sorting ENUM Values

Chapter 8: Generating Summaries
Introduction
Summarizing with COUNT()
Summarizing with MIN() and MAX()
Summarizing with SUM() and AVG()
Using DISTINCT to Eliminate Duplicates
Finding Values Associated with Minimum and Maximum Values
Controlling String Case Sensitivity for MIN() and MAX()
Dividing a Summary into Subgroups
Summaries and NULL Values
Selecting Only Groups with Certain Characteristics
Using Counts to Determine Whether Values are Unique
Grouping by Expression Results
Categorizing Noncategorical Data
Controlling Summary Display Order
Finding Smallest or Largest Summary Values
Date-Based Summaries
Working with Per-Group and Overall Summaries Simultaneously
Generating a Report That Includes a Summary and a List

Chapter 9: Obtaining and Using Metadata
Introduction
Obtaining the Number of Rows Affected by a Statement
Obtaining Result Set Metadata
Determining Whether a Statement Produced a Result Set
Using Metadata to Format Query Output
Listing or Checking Existence of Databases or Tables
Accessing Table Column Definitions
Getting ENUM and SET Column Information
Using Table Structure Information in Applications
Getting Server Metadata
Writing Applications That Adapt to the MySQL Server Version
Determining the Default Database
Monitoring the MySQL Server
Determining Which Storage Engines the Server Supports

Chapter 10: Importing and Exporting Data
Introduction
Importing Data with LOAD DATA and mysqlimport
Specifying the Data File Location
Specifying the Structure of the Data File
Dealing with Quotes and Special Characters
Importing CSV Files
Reading Files from Different Operating Systems
Handling Duplicate Key Values
Obtaining Diagnostics About Bad Input Data
Skipping Data File Lines
Specifying Input Column Order
Preprocessing Input Values Before Inserting Them
Ignoring Data File Columns
Exporting Query Results from MySQL
Exporting Tables as Text Files
Exporting Table Contents or Definitions in SQL Format
Copying Tables or Databases to Another Server
Writing Your Own Export Programs
Converting Data Files from One Format to Another
Extracting and Rearranging Data File Columns
Using the SQL Mode to Control Bad Input Data Handling
Validating and Transforming Data
Using Pattern Matching to Validate Data
Using Patterns to Match Broad Content Types
Using Patterns to Match Numeric Values
Using Patterns to Match Dates or Times
Using Patterns to Match Email Addresses or URLs
Using Table Metadata to Validate Data
Using a Lookup Table to Validate Data
Converting Two-Digit Year Values to Four-Digit Form
Performing Validity Checking on Date or Time Subparts
Writing Date-Processing Utilities
Using Dates with Missing Components
Importing Non-ISO Date Values
Exporting Dates Using Non-ISO Formats
Importing and Exporting NULL Values
Guessing Table Structure from a Data File
Exchanging Data Between MySQL and Microsoft Access
Exchanging Data Between MySQL and Microsoft Excel
Exporting Query Results as XML
Importing XML into MySQL
Epilog

Chapter 11: Generating and Using Sequences
Introduction
Creating a Sequence Column and Generating Sequence Values
Choosing the Data Type for a Sequence Column
The Effect of Row Deletions on Sequence Generation
Retrieving Sequence Values
Renumbering an Existing Sequence
Extending the Range of a Sequence Column
Reusing Values at the Top of a Sequence
Ensuring That Rows Are Renumbered in a Particular Order
Starting a Sequence at a Particular Value
Sequencing an Unsequenced Table
Using an AUTO_INCREMENT Column to Create Multiple Sequences
Managing Multiple Simultaneous AUTO_INCREMENT Values
Using AUTO_INCREMENT Values to Relate Tables
Using Sequence Generators as Counters
Generating Repeating Sequences
Numbering Query Output Rows Sequentially

Chapter 12: Using Multiple Tables
Introduction
Finding Rows in One Table That Match Rows in Another
Finding Rows with No Match in Another Table
Comparing a Table to Itself
Producing Master-Detail Lists and Summaries
Enumerating a Many-to-Many Relationship
Finding Rows Containing Per-Group Minimum or Maximum Values
Computing Team Standings
Using a Join to Fill or Identify Holes in a List
Calculating Successive-Row Differences
Finding Cumulative Sums and Running Averages
Using a Join to Control Query Output Order
Combining Several Result Sets in a Single Query
Identifying and Removing Mismatched or Unattached Rows
Performing a Join Between Tables in Different Databases
Using Different MySQL Servers Simultaneously
Referring to Join Output Column Names in Programs

Chapter 13: Statistical Techniques
Introduction
Calculating Descriptive Statistics
Per-Group Descriptive Statistics
Generating Frequency Distributions
Counting Missing Values
Calculating Linear Regressions or Correlation Coefficients
Generating Random Numbers
Randomizing a Set of Rows
Selecting Random Items from a Set of Rows
Assigning Ranks

Chapter 14: Handling Duplicates
Introduction
Preventing Duplicates from Occurring in a Table
Dealing with Duplicates When Loading Rows into a Table
Counting and Identifying Duplicates
Eliminating Duplicates from a Table
Eliminating Duplicates from a Self-Join Result

Chapter 15: Performing Transactions
Introduction
Choosing a Transactional Storage Engine
Performing Transactions Using SQL
Performing Transactions from Within Programs
Using Transactions in Perl Programs
Using Transactions in Ruby Programs
Using Transactions in PHP Programs
Using Transactions in Python Programs
Using Transactions in Java Programs
Using Alternatives to Transactions

Chapter 16: Using Stored Routines, Triggers, and Events
Introduction
Creating Compound-Statement Objects
Using a Stored Function to Encapsulate a Calculation
Using a Stored Procedure to Return Multiple Values
Using a Trigger to Define Dynamic Default Column Values
Simulating TIMESTAMP Properties for Other Date and Time Types
Using a Trigger to Log Changes to a Table
Using Events to Schedule Database Actions

Chapter 17: Introduction to MySQL on the Web
Introduction
Basic Principles of Web Page Generation
Using Apache to Run Web Scripts
Using Tomcat to Run Web Scripts
Encoding Special Characters in Web Output

Chapter 18: Incorporating Query Results into Web Pages
Introduction
Displaying Query Results as Paragraph Text
Displaying Query Results as Lists
Displaying Query Results as Tables
Displaying Query Results as Hyperlinks
Creating a Navigation Index from Database Content
Storing Images or Other Binary Data
Retrieving Images or Other Binary Data
Serving Banner Ads
Serving Query Results for Download
Using a Template System To Generate Web Pages

Chapter 19: Processing Web Input with MySQL
Introduction
Writing Scripts That Generate Web Forms
Creating Single-Pick Form Elements from Database Content
Creating Multiple-Pick Form Elements from Database Content
Loading a Database Record into a Form
Collecting Web Input
Validating Web Input
Storing Web Input in a Database
Processing File Uploads
Performing Searches and Presenting the Results
Generating Previous-Page and Next-Page Links
Generating Click to Sort Table Headings
Web Page Access Counting
Web Page Access Logging
Using MySQL for Apache Logging

Chapter 20: Using MySQL-Based Web Session Management
Introduction
Using MySQL-Based Sessions in Perl Applications
Using MySQL-Based Storage in Ruby Applications
Using MySQL-Based Storage with the PHP Session Manager
Using MySQL for Session Backing Store with Tomcat

Appendix A: Obtaining MySQL Software

Appendix B: Executing Programs from the Command Line

Appendix C: JSP and Tomcat Primer

Appendix D: References

Inquiries may be sent to mysql-cookbook@kitebird.com.
Last modified: April 1, 2014
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